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Biographies of the 4 Rightly guided Khalifahs. 1. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr As- Siddeeq. 2. Sayyiduna ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab 3. Sayyiduna Uthman Ibn Affan 4. I assume you know what sahaba means — companions of rasulullah. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions of rasulullah.

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He also constructed a dam near Medina to protect its fountains from flooding. Khalid along with his cavalry was sent to Hazir and Abu Ubaidah moved to the city of Qasreen. Capable men who would lead well were preferred over an ineffectual direct heir, as there was no basis in the majority Sunni view that the head of state or governor should be chosen based on lineage alone.

High salaries were fixed for the Qadis so that there was no temptation to bribery. O Abu Bakr, may Allah have Mercy upon you. Islamic conquest of Persia. The standard form of protective body armor was chainmail.

The First Ten Steps illustrated ed. Some canals were constructed between settlements, such as the Saad canal that provided water to Anbar, and the Abi Musa Canal to provide water to Basra.

Rashidun Caliphate

When the stipulated amount of the tribute was paid, the Muslim forces withdrew to Barqa. Once the rebellions had been put down, Abu Bakr began a war of conquest. Umar issued instructions that ushr should be levied in such a way so as to avoid hardship, that it will not affect the radhideen activities in the Islamic empire. The Life of Muhammad. The Bedouin living in the desert, cut off from the states affairs making no contributions in the developments were often given stipends.

Webarchive template wayback links Webarchive template webcite links Articles lacking in-text citations from February All articles lacking in-text citations Wikipedia references cleanup from September All articles needing references cleanup Articles covered by WikiProject Wikify from September All articles covered by WikiProject Wikify Articles with multiple maintenance issues Articles containing Arabic-language text Pages using infobox country with unknown parameters All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from September Articles with unsourced khulca from April Articles with unsourced statements raehideen July Articles with unsourced statements from December Articles with unsourced statements from Rxshideen Articles with unsourced statements from February Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April The committee narrowed down the choices to two: This article has multiple issues.


Rashidun Caliphate – Wikipedia

In important cities Guest Houses were constructed to serve as rest houses for traders and merchants coming from far away places. The caliphate of Prophecy will last thirty years; then Allah will give the Kingdom to whom he wishes; or his kingdom to whom he wishes.

The committee produced the list clan-wise. Nothing happened until the third week of August in which the Battle of Yarmouk was fought. These included Kufa, Basra, and Fustat.

I know you are the same people who had raised the same question about his father. Under Umar the Empire was divided into a number of provinces which were as follows:. Muhammad gave a long sermon, part of which states:. The Khulafa Ar-Rashideen are four specific companions khula rasulullah: He was the second companion of Muhammad after Khadijah to accept Islam. Abu Bakr’s strategy was to give his generals their mission, the geographical area in which that mission would be carried out, and the resources that could be made available for ohulfa purpose.

And of all people you resembled the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam the most in terms of his guidance and demeanor. He would then leave it to his generals to accomplish their missions in whatever manner they chose. Arabian Peninsula Imammate of Oman.

Rather than just relying on impeachment, Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani obliged rebellion upon the people if the caliph began to act with no regard for Islamic law. Are these two words referring the same persons. From Rashiden, the free encyclopedia. Later the area was settled and a mosque was erected.

Sunni schools of theology. After this Ali was forced to fight the rebellious Kharijites in the Battle of Nahrawana faction of his former supporters who, as a result of their dissatisfaction with the arbitration, opposed both Ali and Mu’awiya.


Some modern interpretations of the role of the Majlis al-Shura include those by Islamist author Sayyid Qutb and by Taqiuddin al-Nabhanithe founder of a transnational political movement devoted to the revival of the Caliphate. Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?

Provincial governors received as much as five to seven thousand dirhams annually besides their share of the spoils of war if they were also the commander-in-chief of the army of their sector. Your ranking was higher than anyone else’s, and the Prophet salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam honored you and held you in higher esteem than anyone else.

About the fixation of the allowance there were two opinions. While some canals were excluded for the use of monks such as a spring purchased by Talhahand the needy, most canals were open to general public use. During the reign of Umar, the Muslim army found it a suitable place to construct a base.

In the last week of Maythe capital city of Iraq fell to the Muslims after initial resistance in the Battle of Hira. Islam Stack Exchange works best with JavaScript enabled. Your faith was stronger than any other person’s, as was the degree to which you feared Allah.

Quran Sunnah Hadith Tafsir Seerah. At the age of 21, he married Fatimah, Muhammed’s youngest daughter by Khadijah bint Khuwaylid arshideen, and became a son-in-law of Muhammed. Demands to take revenge for the assassination of Caliph Uthman rose among parts of the population, and a large army of rebels led by ZubayrTalha and the widow of Muhammad, Aishaset out to fight the perpetrators.