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Discusses Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan as a philosophical story of solitude, mysticism, and understanding. Isolated from human civilization, the infant Hayy ibn Yaqzan is raised by a gazelle on a deserted island Through observation, experimentation, and speculation. Ibn-Tufayl. It was during this time, working for the Almohads that Ibn-Tufayl wrote the first ever philosophical novel, “Hayy Ibn Yaqzan“ or “Living.

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For him the cave is not the social womb but the sacred solitude of a man and his creator. Is religion natural or practiced only out of convention? In the next sequence of ibbn tale, Hayy is ushered before Salaman and his closest advisors. In his search for causes, Hayy postulated that there must be some Cause of all causes. Octagon, ; Two Andalusian Philosopherstranslated with a introduction and notes by Jim Colville.

The people were too stupid and stubborn to change their ways. A person exercises their reason and glimpes God and falls away, therefore going to him and being in eternal torment at its loss.

He recognized that ahyy had offered this description had given a faithful picture and yaqzaj truly. He alone could use tools to clothe and protect himself.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan: A Philosophical Tale, Tufayl, Goodman

Both Hayy and Absal refrain from their pursuit of sublimity in order to learn more about each other. A current carried the casket to a deserted island and lodged it in a thicket that protected it from inclement weather. But the cell, the anchorhold, the hut and cottage, are all related to the same configuring of places of nurturing solitude. That is, we do not know that he saw this conclusion as a necessary outcome of his theory that the tenets of revealed religion are only metaphors for truth.


Perhaps in response to the persistent conflict, the Almohads adopted an intolerant form of Islam that led to the persecution hayh Jews and Christians, one of the rare episodes of widespread forced conversion jaqzan Islamic history. Hayy soon fashioned himself a home and learned to control fire for warmth.

The cave retains this image of inner exploration and enlightenment in the Far East, linked, perhaps, to geography. The ultimate goal then of a human is to escape the prison of the body. Considering collections of animals, he thought of them not only as individual beings but also as species and then of the entire animal kingdom as a unit. If the world was created in time, then it was created through the will of a Maker, ysqzan Cause of all causes, who cannot be apprehended by the senses.

Ibn Tufayl’s Hayy Ibn Yaqzan

He praises them in some ways, and dismisses them in others. His mother was gone; only her lifeless body was left, low and worthless.

Such lines can be assumed in any physical thing. The third type of likeness contrasts to the two other types, to the inanimate and animate jaqzan on earth. The cave in our [Western] tradition, which owes more to Athens on this point than to the East, is a symbol of darkness and dogmatic slumber, not of personal enlightenment but of ignorance and unconcern.


Hayy grows strong among the deer, living and grazing amongst them. You are commenting using your Twitter account. All the other animals were well coated in fur, and he was not.

Ibn Tufayl insisted upon the equivalence of philosophy and religion. In qua Ostenditur, quomodo ex Inferiorum contemplatione ad Superiorum notitxam Ratio humana ascendere posit Self-taught philosopher: Absal “loved contemplativeness in Law” and hxyy “devoted himself to the quest for solitude. By now, Hayy is fifty years old. He shows up in this city and starts trying to smash the Status Quo. His works, which began to be translated into Latin yaaqzan the twelfth century, would play a central role in the development of philosophy in the West where he became known as Avicenna.

Absal encourages Hayy to teach his spiritual methods to Absal’s curious friends and Hayy is enthusiastic.

Hayy supposes that he can achieve understanding of the Necessarily Existent by imitating animals, celestial beings, and the Maker Himself in various ways. Thus Ibn Tufayl insists that mystical experience is the highest form of knowledge and can be attained through reason and disposition.